Cancer services

Tests and Investigations

Tests and Investigations

Tests and investigations help to find out a number of different things, such as:

  • If you have cancer.
  • If you do have cancer, what type, how far it has spread (its stage) and where it is.

What treatment you need depends on:

  • How well your cancer is responding to treatment.
  • Whether cancer remains after you have finished a course of treatment.

What to expect

  • Most tests and investigations are carried out during an outpatient visit to the hospital.
  • Many involve a short appointment with a specialist.
  • You may have a range of tests and investigations at the same appointment.

The main investigations include:

  • Biopsies.
  • Blood tests.
  • Breast imaging (mammograms).
  • CT scans.
  • Colonoscopy.
  • Endoscopy.
  • MRI scans.
  • Nuclear medicine scans.
  • PET scans.
  • Ultrasound scans.
  • X-rays.